While “green building” is gaining popularity all over the world, Kazakhstan in this sense lags behind the global market. The fact is that the use of international standards of Green construction in large-scale construction is impossible without the “green economy”.
Kazakh construction companies are ready to build “green”, Chairman of the Supervisory Board of the construction company Global Mukhit Azirbayev said. And the country has several facilities that are made according to international eco-standards: EXPO-2017 facilities and residential complex “Green quarter” in Astana, Parkview Office tower building in Almaty.
But in order for them to become more, first, it is necessary to modify the existing building codes (Snips). Secondly, the price of apartments in such residential and rental areas in business centers is higher than those built of traditional materials. Third, the green technologies used need to be maintained during the operation of buildings. And this is an additional cost for property owners.
European experience of “green building”
During one of Mr. Azirbayev’s visits to Germany to learn from the experience of the local construction companies in the field of green building, he found that the materials used in the construction process were taken into account when awarding ratings to the facilities.
— This is done in order to understand what efforts will have to be made to destroy buildings in 50-100 years of their operation. For Europeans, it is a matter of necessity because of the lack of free land in the cities. That is, the difference is that in Kazakhstan, issues of design within the framework of “green construction”are only being discussed. And the Germans are studying and implementing standards for their disposal with minimal damage to the environment. We do not even think about it,” our interlocutor said.
If Kazakh construction companies decide to apply more complex environmental standards, which again require changes to existing laws, Snips, technical regulations, they will have to adapt to domestic conditions.
— For example, in European countries, plants are planted on the facades of houses. But in the conditions of Kazakhstan’s sharply continental climate, it is problematic to apply such technology. Therefore, each element of “green building” should be studied in detail, taking into account not only the mentality, the specifics of the market, — added Mukhit Azirbayev.
But at the same time, of course, the use of international standards should not be prohibited. It should be understood that the benefits of the introduction of any environmental standards that are developed and implemented in construction, designed for the future. Quick benefits from their implementation should not be expected, so it is necessary to make calculations for the future and analyze the effect of the use of a technology over the years. And of course, the use of “green technologies” makes the estimate of construction of residential complexes more expensive.
“Green building” in Kazakhstan: the situation today
The idea of optimal use of energy sources was the reason for the international exhibition EXPO-2017 in Kazakhstan. Its theme is designated as “energy of the future” and will help to find ways of application of alternative energy sources and methods of its transportation. Ensuring a sustainable energy supply will not only enhance economic growth, but also reduce the burden on the environment.
The total area of the exhibition complex “Astana Expo-2017” is 174 hectares and will contain 38 objects. The main among them is the national pavilion of Kazakhstan. It will be built in the form of a sphere of “green” standards. The use of a double layer of high-tech glass isolates the building from the low temperature in Astana. The complex will be managed by “smart city” technology.
The optimal use of electricity will be provided by sensors that take into account the people on the territory of the facilities and calculate the amount of electricity necessary for their number. For smoothing peak loads on the power grid and the introduction of renewable energy into the infrastructure of the exhibition will apply the technology of “smart grid”. In real time, it monitors the power consumption of all large objects and automatically distributes the load on the grid.
The cost of eco-real estate
At a time when the real estate market is in crisis or stagnates, this is a minus, as it increases the final cost of the objects for the buyer. Our interlocutor could not name how much more expensive such construction will cost, since the amount of investment in energy-efficient technologies of buildings built according to Green construction standards depends on the technologies used and the complexity of the project.
– Eco-friendly houses can be slightly more expensive than those built from the usual building materials. But for their owners, the costs in the process of operation are recouped within 5-5. 5 years. That is, as practice shows, “green” construction is beneficial to both the owner of housing and the construction company.
The first buys better housing, which is safe for his health and the health of his loved ones. And the developer builds and sells objects where a square meter is more expensive than in conventional buildings, thanks to this its profit is growing.
Although many residential complexes in Kazakhstan and do not belong to the eco-projects, but the developers are trying to bring people as close to nature and clean air. Therefore, new buildings in the green zone of Astana and Almaty are not news at all. In addition to the” Green quarter ” in Astana, we picked up a few more LCD, which you may like:
BI Village Comfort-cottage village, next to the” green belt ” of Astana. Cozy townhouses and cottages, green alley with places to relax and other pleasures of country life will appeal to you and your family.
G-Park Premium residential complex is a residential complex in Astana, located near the Botanical garden. Living near the rich nature guarantees comfort and good rest.
KG River Park — one of the capital’s cottage on the river Bank. Large house plots, modern environmentally friendly building materials and only 8 km to Astana.